Hoi An Museum of Cultural History located on 7 Nguyen Hue Street is now displaying 434 archaeological relics and images, materials related to the development of Hoi An ancient town. It can be said that the museum is a lively evidence for the historical changing of the land of Hoi An.
- Pre-prehistoric period as known as Pre-Sa Huynh period and Sa Huynh culture period, about 2000 years ago.
Hoi An Cultural History Museum displays 102 original artifacts including:
– Tools for living, production, combat, jewelry, etc. with ceramic, bronze, iron, stone, glass materials. Those tools demonstrate that the people of this period have been cultivating wet rice, exploiting and processing marine products, making handicrafts such as forging, weaving, carpentry, jewelry making.
– Chinese coins, along with chalcedony jewelry, glass originated from South India or the Middle East. The artifacts demonstrate clearly trading activities of the ancient businesses with people from the North and the South, creating a premise for the early port of Hoi An.
– Especially the ceramic jar (burial jar) is chosen to be buried with the dead body, representing the burial customs of Sa Huynh residents.
- Champa period from the 2nd century to the 15th century. It is known as a brilliant culture, beginning the golden age for a prosperous port of Hoi An. Hoi An Cultural History Museum displays exhibits including:
– 18 ceramic items with ceramic tiles, Cham tiles, ceramic pattern. The most famous artifacts of this time in the museum are is the Grandhara dancer statue and Kuberra the fortune god statue, exquisitely carved, delicate bold Champa culture.
– Documents and images of the site of Chiem Bat Lao (Cu Lao Cham), with ancient bibliographic sources identifying the Champa area of Dai Chiem Hai Khau (Cua Dai) as the main port of Champa country. Many Chinese, Arabian, Indian, Persian, etc. merchant ships often visited the port, along with exchange activities, selling products such as incense, cinnamon, jade, glass, silk, tortoise-shell, and nacre, expressing the diversity of goods in trade with other countries.
- Dai Viet Period from the fifteenth century to the nineteenth century, the land of Hoi An shaped the activities of Dai Viet residents.
– At the beginning of this period, in addition to the establishment of farming villages, Vietnamese people in Hoi An have the flexibility to create all kinds of trades suitable to the natural and social conditions of each region. Thanh Chau village with swallow’s nest exploitation. Vong Nhi fishing village, De Vong fishing village are the two trade village famous for the fishing job and processing seafood. Kim Bong carpentry village, Thanh Ha pottery village are well known among people with handicrafts and construction. The main job in Hoi An and Cam Pho Village is trading and selling goods.
– Since the seventeenth century, the community of Hoi An was added to the Chinese, Japanese and some other countries merchants coming to this place for business or making a living, creating a cultural accumulation, professional experience from any place.
With internal resources and interference, Hoi An quickly developed, creating a momentum to create the busiest and prosperous in the city trade center – Hoi An for centuries. At that time, the port is truly a trading center in both Vietnam and South East Asia.
– By the middle of the nineteenth century, the economy of Hoi An quickly deteriorated due to unfavorable causes such as the sedimentation, the displacement of rivers and estuaries; restricted economic policy of the imperial court; the technical development of marine navigation by mechanical steam. Therefore, Hoi An – Cua Dai gradually gave way to the emergence of Da Nang port – Cua Han.
In this period, Hoi An Museum of Cultural History displays a large number of original artifacts and documentary evidence for each stage. The museum also includes some ancient maps of Hoi An and some tools used in trading such as balance, weight, ang. In particular, there is a clear comparison between the pottery of Vietnam with the pottery of some countries at that time.
* Hoi An Cultural History Museum is open from 7:00 to 21:00 every day of the week. On the 25th of each month, the museum closed to carry out professional work.